Government in Driving Safety

Drive safely.

The government establishes legislation to ensure road safety both inside and outside the vehicle. This includes laws about child seats, vehicle lighting, and the use of seat belts, among other things.

Rules for safe driving

  • Alcohol or drugs in traffic
    It is illegal to drive when under the influence of alcohol or drugs. A fine, a mandatory course, or surrendering one’s driver’s license can be imposed as punishment. The government intends to use these fines to discourage drunk driving.
  • Road signs and traffic rules
    The manual Road signs and traffic rules discusses traffic signs and traffic rules. Please contact the road authority if you have any concerns or comments about road signs on public roads.
  • MOT
    During the general periodic inspection (MOT) , the car is tested for safety and environmental requirements.

Crash tests of cars

The European Union has a scheme that performs crash checks to assess automotive safety. The Euro NCAP is the European Union’s vehicle safety assessment program. The initiative helps manufactures to make their vehicles cleaner. Car crash prevention has been improved.

The Dutch national government is one of the seven European governments that formed Euro NCAP in 1997. Via their umbrella European organizations, the ANWB and the Consumentenbond are active in the Netherlands. This extensive cooperation allows for the testing of a wide range of vehicles. In addition, the crash tests’ accuracy must be improved.

Distraction in traffic

Keeping an electronic gadget for contact and/or information retrieval in the car is also banned as of July 1, 2019. For example, a phone, navigation device, tablet, or music player. You may be fined €240 for this. This only applies if you really drive. This is permissible if you are standing still.

 

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Online scan for elderly driver

Older drivers can test their driving ability online. A self-test allows the elderly driver to assess their own driving skill as well as the driving performance offered. The aim of this online self-scan is to keep the elderly as mobile as possible.

Older driver self-test
Commissioned by the Regional Road Safety Authority East Netherlands and the Water, Traffic and Living Environment (WVL) department of Rijkswaterstaat, Cito has worked on the development of a web-based self-test for older motorists. In the self-test, an individual older driver goes through a number of partial tests, on the basis of which a picture is obtained of his own driving ability, the driving performance delivered and the underlying factors.

Keep driving safely – the self-scan and the local process
At the initiative of ROV East Netherlands, in collaboration with Infrastructure and Water Management, a scan has been developed about elderly people in traffic in the municipality of Raalte. By raising awareness of the consequences of aging for driving, the initiators want to contribute to road safety.

Government Intervention In Water Shortages

Measures for sufficient fresh water

If there is no rain for a long time and the temperature is high, a freshwater shortage can arise. The government intervenes if a water shortage threatens. For example, by dividing the available water among parties that need it.

Consequences of freshwater shortage
Freshwater shortage can cause the following problems:

  • Drinking water companies cannot extract enough water that is suitable for making drinking water.
  • Peat dikes can crack or tear due to drying out so that they can no longer provide safety against high water.
  • Farmers do not have enough water to irrigate fields.
  • Plants and animals in nature do not find enough drinking water to survive.
  • Due to the low water levels, fewer ships can sail.
  • The industry has insufficient water to cool machines, for example.
  • Because there is less supply of freshwater, saltwater has the opportunity to flow further into the Netherlands. Salinization can have adverse effects on agriculture and drinking water extraction.

Prevention of freshwater shortage
The government can take measures to prevent freshwater shortages. For example by:

Storage of water
During wet periods, the government can temporarily store the water in surface water. For example, by widening rivers and ditches so that more water can enter.

Less runoff of rainwater through sewers
Rainwater is clean and can be used immediately. For example in agriculture. In urban areas, downspouts and gutters drain the water into the sewer such as ‘water damage restoration corona ca‘. There, harmful substances and organisms end up in the water. Using asphalt and concrete more economically should result in less water entering the sewer system. And more rainwater directly into the ground.

Construction of buffer zones around wet nature areas
Various nature reserves in the Netherlands have problems due to drought. The groundwater level is too low to maintain water-rich nature. A buffer zone with a higher (ground) water level around a wetland nature reserve counteracts this problem.

Invest in drought measures

The 2018 drought has only reinforced the urgency of a good fresh water supply. That is why the cabinet is making € 7 million available for drought measures. Among other things for the storage of water in the sandy areas, solutions against salinization and monitoring evaporation. This is part of the total available budget of € 400 million for the Delta Program Freshwater.

Government intervenes in the event of a freshwater shortage

Are there long periods of dry and warm weather? Then the government will take the following measures to have as much fresh water available as possible:

  • Sprinkling peat dikes – This can prevent the dykes from drying out.
  • Distribution of the available water
    If there is a water shortage, the available water must be divided among parties that need it. Agreements have been made about the order in which water users receive water in the National scenario for water distribution and drought. These agreements are also referred to as the displacement series. There is a special committee for water distribution: the National Water Distribution Coordination Committee (LCW).
  • Raising water level
    In the event of water shortages, Rijkswaterstaat and the water boards can temporarily raise the water level. For example, by pumping more water into the area via a pumping station. This creates temporary supplies of freshwater. The water level cannot be raised indefinitely. Ships, for example, must be able to continue sailing under bridges. And agricultural areas must not get too wet.

Desiccation invaluable natural areas

Preventing or reducing desiccation of nature areas is not easy. The measures that are required also affect the water balance in the area around it. This can clash with other water interests. The government focuses on areas where nature is very valuable: the Natura2000 areas and the Nature Network Netherlands.

The Cabinet And The Government

According to the constitution, the government has the task of making laws together with the Senate and the House of Representatives of the States-General. The government also concludes international treaties, establishes foreign policy, regulates defense, and appoints mayors, commissioners of the king, and members of the judiciary. The tasks stated in the constitution are carried out by the government under parliamentary control. Parliament cannot reverse government decisions in this area, but it can let you know if it disagrees. If necessary, the parliament can give up its confidence in the government, so that the cabinet must resign.

The Cabinet
In addition to ministers, there are also state secretaries. A state secretary is a kind of deputy minister, but he does not replace a minister when he is absent. The Minister and State Secretary jointly make agreements about who is involved. All ministers and state secretaries together form the cabinet. The king is not one of them. The ministers head a ministry or department. In addition to shaping and implementing policy, they, therefore, have to manage often many hundreds of civil servants. There are currently eleven departments. But this number can be different for each cabinet formation. The names and tasks of ministries can also change. A cabinet often also includes a few ministers who do not have their own ministry. A minister who does not manage his own department is called a ‘minister without portfolio’ – and nowadays also known as a program minister. They sometimes have to ensure that all government parties are represented according to the election results. Sometimes they are also appointed to indicate that this is an important policy area for the government.

Minister-president
The Prime Minister plays a special role. He is not the only chairman of the Council of Ministers, but he is also in particular responsible for coordinating government policy. He is also the face of the cabinet. He presents the cabinet policy, for example, every Friday after the cabinet meeting at a press conference and on a regular television channel. He also represents the Netherlands in the European Council of government leaders. The Prime Minister therefore also plays a major role in foreign policy. Unlike in countries such as Germany and the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister in the Netherlands cannot appoint and dismiss individual ministers as he sees fit.

The national budget – Minister of Finance
An important part of government policy lies in the adoption of the annual national budget. This shows the influential position of the Minister of Finance. From January to July, negotiations are held every year between the Minister of Finance and the ministers of departments where large expenditures are made. If they don’t agree, the council of ministers will have to take the plunge. The national budget must be ready in August because it is presented to parliament on Budget Day. If you are interested in government, you can watch it on your TV using ‘iptv‘.