A government is a group of people. It makes important decisions for all residents such as car covers owners in a state. The officials and state employees who are called the administration of the state help her with this. The administration carries out what parliament and government have decided.
Who belongs to the government is different from country to country. In many states, a government can also be removed from office. If the parliament or the head of state is dissatisfied with the government, a new one comes into play. This is called a change of government.
Who is in the government?
In many countries, a government consists of a head of government and other members of the government. The members of the government are often called “ministers “. A minister used to be an important servant of the king. Today it is civil servants who are paid by the state like other civil servants.
There are different names for the head of government: In many countries, they are called Prime Minister, including in most of the German federal states. In Germany and Austria, it is called the Federal Chancellor. Other countries call him First Minister or Prime Minister or Prime Minister.
In some states, the head of state is also the head of government. Then there is no separate post for it. One example is the United States of America. The president is the head of government and chooses the ministers himself.
How does a government come to its decisions?
Normally a government should decide something together because that’s what a government is and not just a single boss. There are many things that the ministers do not argue about and all of them say yes to one proposal. This is because many proposals have been prepared long before a decision is made.
But sometimes the ministers disagree. Then they vote. The proposal that most ministers like then becomes the government’s decision.
In some countries, the head of government is ultimately in charge. In the US, for example, the president is the head of government and chooses his ministers all by himself. He also decides what will be done. However, a good president will always try to get ministers to like his proposals.